Majilis ratifies convention on legal status of Caspian Sea
Astana. December 26. KazTAG - Majilis has endorsed the bill "On ratification of Convention on the legal status of the Caspian Sea".
The document provides the basic principles of coastal states at sea, the rights and obligations of the parties regarding use of the Caspian Sea, including its waters, bottom, subsoil, natural resources and airspace above it. According to the convention, issues related to the Caspian Sea are attributed to the exclusive competence of the Caspian littoral states and carried out on the basis of respect for sovereignty, territorial integrity and independence, sovereign equality, non-use of force or threat of force, mutual respect, cooperation, non-interference in each other’s internal affairs ”, said Kairat Abdrakhmanov, Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan.
He reminded there were difficult negotiations, which lasted for more than 20 years behind the history of the agreement including five Caspian summits, seven meetings Foreign Ministers of the Caspian states, 52 meetings of the working group on the development of the convention.
“The sea area is delimited by internal waters, territorial waters, fishing zones and common water areas, where different legal regimes will operate. The territorial waters are established with a width of not more than 15 nautical miles, their outer limits have the status of maritime state borders. There are 10 mile fishing zones adjacent to territorial waters, in which every state has exclusive rights for biological resources," he said.
Photo source: picture from an open source